Bettiah was the capital of the princely estate of Bettiah, known as Bettiah Raj, one of the great estates of North Bihar. Its first ruler Raja Ugra Sen Singh Singh recieved the title of Raja from the Mughal Emperor Shah Jehan. The rulers of Bettiah Raj were Hindu Jethoria Brahmin. It was spread over an area of about 4,724 km2, with their properties in many other parts of India, including Calcutta (now Kolkata), Varanasi, Gorakhpur. At Bettiah, among its palaces and office, it had a record room or muhafizkhana. Since 1897, the Bettiah Raj was under the Court of Wards, a colonial institution whose function was to oversee the administration of the estates which had no male heir to succeed. The Bettiah Raj, still has its own officials who oversee day to day administration of its landholdings and other assets, that are not confined to Bettiah, but are in several parts of the country. Bettiah Raj's houses the official records of administrative and legal affairs of the Raj for the past two hundred and fifty years or so, which are stored in two large halls having an storage space of 40,000 and 72,000 cubic feet respectively, with a shelf space that is about half a kilometer in length. It is in fact a rich repository of source materials for the study of the agrarian and political history not only of the Bettiah Raj, but beyond that also. The records are placed in bastas, which are individual bundles of records wrapped in cloth. The records includes rent registers and receipts, cash- books, village notes and settlement records, village maps, legal proceedings and historical letters covering more than 200 years of history. Unfortunately, the order in which the records were classified is now lost and most of them can only be found by sheer guess work or even by accident!
The DynastyThe first ruler of Bettiah Raj Ugra Sen Singh Singh recieved the title of Raja from the Mughal Emperor Shah Jehan (1628/1658). The rulers were ....
- Raja Ugra Sen Singh Singh (1628-1658)
- Raja Gaj Singh (1659-1694), married and had issue. He died 1694.
- Raja DALIP SINGH (qv)
- SON2, married and had issue.
- Raja SRIKRISHNA SINGH, 1st Raja of Seohar in Muzaffarpur.
- SON3, ancestor of the Zamindars of Madhubani in Darbhanga.
- Raja DALIP SINGH 1694/-
- Raja DHANPAT SINGH (son) fl.1745
- Raja JUGAL KESHWAR SINGH (maternal grandson) fl.1766
- Maharaja ANANDA KESHWAR SINGH Bahadur (grandson), granted the title of Maharaja Bahadur for personal use only.
- Maharaja RAJENDRA KESHWAR SINGH Bahadur (nephew) 1855/1883
- Maharaja Sir HARENDRA KESHWAR SINGH Bahadur (son) 1883/-, born March 1854 (#1), Maharaja Bahadur [cr.1884], K.C.I.E. [cr.1888], married 2ndly 1893 Maharani Janki Kaur 1870-1955. He died in 1893, following which the state lapsed.
Source : "The Golden Book of India"; LETHBRIDGE, Roper, MacMillan & Co., 1893 , pp.67More Info >>